2019 Waec Islamic Religious Studies Obj and Theory Answers

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(1a)
(i)Khalifa Abubakar Sadiq
(ii)Khalifa usman bin Haffan
(iii)Khalifa Aliyu bin Abdulmuttalib
(iv)Khalifa Umar bin al khattab
(1b)
Abu Bakr
The first caliph was Abu Bakr who ruled from 632-634 CE. Abu Bakr was the father-in-law of Muhammad and was an early convert to Islam. He was known as “The Truthful.” During his short reign as caliph, Abu Bakr put down rebellions by various Arab tribes after Muhammad died and established the Caliphate as the ruling force in the region.

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(2)
Islam has taken a strong position against visitation of fortune tellers and the art of fortunetelling. The Islamic ruling with regard to a Muslim who visits a fortuneteller and believes what he (the fortuneteller) tells him or believes that the fortuneteller knows the unseen and the future, is that it is kufr (disbelief), according to the scholars. They based their evidence on the saying of Allah: “With Him are the Keys of the Ghayb (unseen); none knows them but He.”(Qur’an 6:59).
Allah also told Prophet Muhammad (saw): “Say! I have no power to bring good to myself nor avert harm but it is only as Allah wills. If it were that I knew the unseen, I would have multiplied the good and no evil would have touched me.” (Qur’an 7: 188).
Allah also said: “Say! None in the heavens nor the earth knows the unseen except Allah.” (Qur’an 27:65)
There are many similar verses in some other chapters of the holy book. But Allah, in some of the verses, said he revealed some of the knowledge of unseen to His chosen Prophets and Messengers in order to preach His message to the people.
Abu Hurayrah and al-Hassan bin ‘Aliy (as) both reported from Prophet Muhammad (saw) that he said, “Whosoever approaches a fortuneteller and believes what he says, he has disbelieved in what had been revealed to Muhammad” (Ahmad).
This is because such a belief assigns to creation some of the attributes of Allah with regard to the knowledge of the unseen and the future.
Islam also opposes any form of association with those who practice fortunetelling, except may be to advise them to give up their forbidden trade.
The prophet was reported by one of his wives, Hafsah bint Umar (May Allah be pleased with them), as saying, “The sallah of whoever approaches a fortuneteller and asks him about anything will not be accepted for 40 days and nights.” (Muslim)

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(3a)
Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem
(i)Qul a’uzu birabbin naas
(ii)Malikin naas
(iii)Ilaahin naas
(iv)Min sharril was waasil khannaas
(v)Al lazee yuwas wisu fee sudoorin naas
(vi)Minal jinnati wan naas

(3b)
(i)Say: “I seek refuge with (Allah) the Lord of mankind,
(ii) “The King of mankind,
(iii)”The Ilah (God) of mankind,
(iv) “From the evil of the whisperer (devil who whispers evil in the hearts of men) who withdraws (from his whispering in one’s heart after one remembers Allah)
(v) “Who whispers in the breasts of mankind,
(vi) “Of jinns and men.”

(3c)
any evil whisper crosses the mind, a Muslim should immediately seek refuge with Allah, because Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And if an evil whisper comes to you from Shaitân (Satan), then seek refuge with Allah. Verily, He is All-Hearer, All-Knower. ” [Al Qur’an 7:200]
Apart from experiencing evil whispers, a Muslim should constantly seek refuge with Allah from the accursed Satan and his followers from among the jinn and mankind. A’ishah, the wife of the Prophet said:
“Whenever the Messenger of Allah went to bed, he used to recite Surah Al-Ikhlas, Surah Al-Falaq and Surah An-Naas (last three chapters of the Qur’an), and then blow on his palms and pass them over his face and those parts of his body that his hands could reach. And when he fell ill, he used to order me to do like that for him.” [Narrated by Al-Bukhari]
With this ends the series “Lessons from the Qur’an”.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, the Lord of all that exists.
May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon His slave and messenger, Muhammad, and upon his family and companions.

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(4a)
Takbiratul-Ihram
The phrase ‘Allahu Akbar’ is called takbir .
‘Ihram’ means ‘imposition of limits’. Thus the
‘takbir’ just after niyyah is called ‘Takbiratul-Ihram’ , because it limits the man in his actions; now he cannot do any work except prayer.

(4b)
The phrase ‘Allahu Akbar’ is called takbir .
‘Ihram’ means ‘imposition of limits’. Thus the
‘takbir’ just after niyyah is called ‘Takbiratul-Ihram’ , because it limits the man in his actions; now he cannot do any work except prayer. There are four conditions in it:
(a) It must be in the approved form, i.e. ‘Allahu Akbar ‘ without any addition or change and without joining it with other wordings.
(b) It must be in correct Arabic.
(c) It must be said while standing (details will come afterwards).
(d) Body must be in ‘tama’ninat’ (not moving, but still).
(e) Muwalaat : The letters and words should be recited one after another without gap.


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